Ebony is a hard, durable, black glass-like substance that is said to be the petrified blood of a god. See the lore article for general information. Ebony ingots ore vein locations are also listed in the Ebony Veins category, and the exterior ore veins are shown on map.
Ebony Smithing is the third perk in the heavy armor branch of the Smithing skill's perk tree. Unlocking it requires a minimum Smithing skill of 80, and the Orcish Smithing perk must have already been unlocked.
It allows both ebony armor and ebony weapons to be crafted. The Ebony Smithing perk also causes tempering of ebony weapons and armor to be twice as Ebony ingots. This perk applies to both Ebony ingots ebony gear and enchanted gear generic armorgeneric weaponsor customas long as the Arcane Blacksmith perk has been unlocked.
Tempering of the Savior's Hide is also improved by Ebony Smithing, even though it does not use an ebony ingot.
With the addition of the Dragonborn add-on, Ebony Smithing is required in order to craft stalhrim weapons and armor. Ebony armor is the third-best heavy armor, behind dragonplate and Daedric armors. It appears in leveled lists starting at level 32 enchanted varieties at level Ebony ingots All items can be tempered using one ebony ingot, and having the Ebony Smithing perk doubles the quality improvement.
Ebony weapons are Ebony ingots the second-best standard weapons in the original version of the game, behind only Daedric weapons. However, the ebony mace and ebony war axe are actually slightly better than their Daedric equivalents.