It established that U. The agreement expired at midnight on Maliki u s domination 31,even though the United States completed its final withdrawal of troops from Iraq on December 16, The symbolic Maliki u s domination in Baghdad officially "cased" retired the flag of U. The Iraqi government also approved a Strategic Framework Agreement with the United States,  aimed at ensuring international cooperation including minority ethnicity, gender, and belief interests and other constitutional rights; threat deterrence; exchange students; education;  and cooperation in the areas of energy development, environmental hygiene, health care, information technology, communications, and law enforcement.
Several groups of Iraqis protested the passing of the SOFA accord    as prolonging and legitimizing the occupation, and Grand Ayatollah Ali Husseini al-Sistani expressed concerns with the ratified version.
Secretary of Defense Robert Gates had predicted that after he would have expected to see "perhaps several tens of thousands of American troops" as part of a residual force in Iraq. American-led Coalition forces participating in the invasion of Iraq were initially subject to the exclusive jurisdiction of their parent states. After the handover of sovereign power to an Iraqi administrationCoalition forces in Iraq were nominally subject to Iraqi jurisdiction, and operated without any Status of Forces Agreement.
State Department officials could not be immediately reached for comment, but Iraqi member of parliament Mahmoud Othman said he attended the meeting and that Iraqi representatives were very pleased with the immunity agreement. On October 16,after several more months of negotiations, U. Despite a compromise on the issue of jurisdiction over off-duty U.
On 16 NovemberIraq's Cabinet approved the agreements; on 27 November, the Iraqi Parliament ratified them; on December 4, Iraq's presidential council approved the security pacts.
On November 16,Iraq's Cabinet approved the agreement, which cited the end of for the pull out of U. The vote was passed by 27 of the member cabinet, of which nine members were absent and one opposing. The agreement then went before Parliament. Speaker Mahmoud al-Mashhadani adjourned the session after Sadrist MP Ahmed al-Massoudi aggressively approached a lawmaker from the ruling coalition, who was reading aloud the text of the agreement.
The Aswat al-Iraq news agency reported a mixed reaction among the Maliki u s domination population at large to news of cabinet approval of the agreement. Residents of Sadr City in Baghdad, a stronghold of Muqtada al-Sadr, said they believed the agreement was signed too quickly,  while a broader 'vox pop' of Iraqis around the country said they thought the agreement would become a point of contention.
The same day, Secretaries Maliki u s domination and Rice held classified briefings for U. Democratic Representative William Delahunt said: And Oona Hathaway, Professor Law at the University of California at Berkeley called the lack of consultation with United States Congress unprecedented, asserting that aspects of the accord exceed the independent constitutional powers of the President of the United States.
Hashimi said many Iraqis looked "to this attitude as a matter of blackmailing ". The pact requires criminal charges for holding prisoners over 24 hours, and requires a warrant for searches of homes and buildings that are not related to combat. The Maliki u s domination must Maliki u s domination to all decisions unanimously.
On December 4,Iraq's presidential council approved the security pact. The council decision marks the final hurdle for the pact in terms of Iraqi government or legislative approval.
In the interim, U. O'Hanlonof the Brookings Institution research group, said there are "these areas that are not as clear cut as the Iraqis would like to think. Bush hailed the passing of the agreement between the two countries.