Republic of The Gambia is the official name of The Gambia. The country was named after the Gambia women River, which flows from East to West for three hundred miles, the entire length of the country.
Gambia is a small country with a population of 1. It straddles the Gambia River on either side. Gambia is on the western coast of Africa, surrounded on three sides by Senegal. Situated on a sandy peninsula between the mouth of the Gambia River and the Atlantic Ocean, Banjul, the capital, was founded by Gambia women British as Bathurst in as a base for suppressing the slave trade. The Gambians changed its name to Banjul ineight years after independence.
Gambia is the smallest country in Africa with a total area of 4, square miles 11, square kilometersslightly less than twice the size of Delaware. Gambia has the typical West African climate: It is a relatively flat land with its lowest point being sea level at the Atlantic Ocean with the maximum elevation being Feet 53 meters in the surrounding low hills. The Gambia River is the dominant geographical feature of the country, providing both a useful means of transportation and irrigation as well Gambia women a rich ground for fishing, boating, and sailing.
The total Gambia women of Gambia, from a July estimate, is 1, The main ethnic Gambia women in Gambia are the Mandingo 42 percent of the overall populationWolof 16 percent Gambia women, Fulani 18 percentJola 10 percentSerahuli 9 percentother Africans 4 percentand non-Africans 1 percent.
By age, the population is distributed as follows: The population is growing at a rate of 3. The birthrate is The infant mortality rate is Average life expectancy is English is the official language but indigenous languages include Mandinka, Wolof, and Fula. Emergence of the Nation.
The first written mention of Gambia is in the work of Hanno the Carthaginian in his writings about his voyage to West Africa in B.
Its various ethnic groups migrated to Gambia from different areas of West Africa. The English were not far behind, coming Gambia women West Africa to buy gold and spices. The Portuguese successfully barred English trade for one hundred years.
At the end of the sixteenth century, however, the English and French managed to establish trade in the area. Inthe British abolished slave traffic on the river. Muslims were involved in the trans-Saharan slave trade, as well as more legitimate trade. Along with trade, merchants brought Islam and Muslim culture to Gambia.
As in other parts of West Africa, rulers Gambia women the Gambia became Muslims and used its Gambia women, the Shariya, to consolidate their power.
Gambia became part of a larger British colony, the Province of Senegambia, which included present-day Senegal and Gambia. The Senegambia has the distinction of being the first British colony in Africa.
InGambia became a crown colony as part of the colony of Sierra Leone. Inhowever, the Gambia was separated from Sierra Leone. The Gambia women became a British Protectorate in Internal self-government came in Independence Day was 18 February when Gambia became a sovereign republic within the British Commonwealth of Nations.
InGambia and Senegal formed Senegambia, but in the confederation was dissolved with the mutual consent of both partners. Although the Gambia is comprised of people of many different ethnic groups, there seems to be relative harmony among them and among people of different religions. Gambia has a generally good human rights record, and there is a great desire among its peoples to have the country taken seriously in the world community.
Gambia is a multiethnic country; major ethnic groups include the Fula, Jola, Mandinka, Serahule, and Wolof.
There is no part of The Gambia that is inhabited by one single ethnic group. This close dwelling has led to a sharing of many cultural traits among the groups, which has led to a movement toward a Gambian national culture.
There has been Gambia women concentrated effort to represent the various minority ethnic groups in government. In addition to indigenous ethnic groups, there has also been an annual migration from Senegal, Guinea, and Gambia women.
Many people from those countries come to trade in groundnuts peanuts and stay to settle. The Wolof and the Mandinka are Gambia women major ethnic groups. The Wolof live mainly in the capital, Banjul. The Mandinka are the largest single ethnic group in the country. Creoles form Gambia women large element within the local elite. Additionally, there are Mauritanians, Moroccans, and Lebanese in the country.
These groups are mainly traders and shopkeepers.
English is commonly spoken by members of all ethnic groups since it is the official language of the country. Each ethnic groups speaks its own language as well. Harmony among ethnic groups is the general rule, so much Gambia women that Gambia is considered to be a melting pot of West African ethnic Gambia women. Banjul is the only real urban center in Gambia. It has a typical former British colonial feel to it. The administrative buildings are built in the center of the city, tending toward Edwardian "majesty.
The colonial bungalow is a typical form of architecture. Squatter settlements resembling poorer versions Gambia women rural settlements dot the area.
There are large public areas in the British style. Food in Gambia women Life. Not surprisingly, following two hundred years of British colonialism, Western food is available in Gambia.
Gambian traditional food includes benachin "Jollof rice," a mixture of spiced meat and rice cooked with tomato puree and vegetablesbase nyebe rich stew of chicken or beef with green beans and other vegetableschere steamed millet flour ballsdomodah meat or chicken stewed in groundnut butter and served with riceplasas meat and smoked fish cooked in Gambia women oil with green vegetables served with fu-fu mashed cassavaand chura-gerteh a sweet porridge consisting of pounded groundnuts and rice and served with yogurt or sour milk.
The most commonly eaten fruits are mangoes, bananas, grapefruit, papayas, and oranges. Food Customs at Ceremonial Occasions. Food is important at ceremonial Gambia women such as naming ceremonies, betrothals, marriages, and deaths. At these occasions, meat is served along with Jollof rice and fruit.