It is the third largest university in the United Kingdom by total enrolment and the largest by postgraduate enrolment.
Established in as London University by founders inspired by the radical ideas of Jeremy BenthamUCL was the first university institution to be established in London, and the first in England to be entirely secular and to admit students regardless of their religion. UCL has its main campus in the Bloomsbury area of central Londonwith a number of institutes and teaching hospitals elsewhere in central London and satellite campuses in Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park in Stratfordeast London London full sex in Doha, Qatar.
UCL is organised into 11 constituent facultieswithin which there are over departments, institutes and research centres. UCL operates several culturally significant museums and manages collections in a wide range of fields, including the Petrie Museum of Egyptian Archaeology and the Grant Museum of Zoology and Comparative Anatomyand administers the annual Orwell Prize in political writing.
UCL academics discovered five of the naturally occurring noble gasesdiscovered hormonesinvented the vacuum tubeand made several foundational London full sex in modern statistics. As of33 Nobel Prize winners and 3 Fields medalists have been affiliated with UCL as alumni, faculty or researchers.
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Despite the commonly held belief that the philosopher Jeremy Bentham was the founder of UCL, his direct involvement was limited to the purchase of share No.
In he London full sex nominate a friend to sit on the council, and in attempted to have his disciple John Bowring appointed as the first professor of English or History, but on both occasions his candidates were unsuccessful. However, Bentham is today commonly regarded as the "spiritual father" of UCL, as his radical ideas on education and society were the inspiration to the institution's founders, particularly the Scotsmen James Mill — and Henry Brougham — Inthe Chair of Political Economy at London University was created, with John Ramsay McCulloch as the first incumbent, establishing one of the first departments of economics in England.
InUniversity College Hospital originally North London Hospital opened as a teaching hospital for the university's medical school. InLondon University was incorporated by royal charter under the name University College, London. On the same day, the University of London was created by royal charter as a degree-awarding examining board for students from affiliated schools and colleges, with University London full sex and King's College, London being named in the charter as the first two affiliates.
Inthe University of London gained a supplemental charter making it the first British university to be allowed to award degrees to women. The same year, UCL admitted women to the faculties of Arts and Law and of Science, although women remained barred from the faculties of Engineering and of Medicine with the exception of courses on public health and hygiene. Inthe University of London was reconstituted as a federal university with London full sex statutes drawn up under the University of London Act While most of the constituent institutions retained their autonomy, UCL was merged into the University in under London full sex University College London Transfer Act and lost its legal independence.
The first incumbent was Carey Fosterwho served as Principal as the post was originally titled from to He was succeeded by Gregory Foster no relationand in the title was changed to Provost to avoid confusion with the Principal of the University of London.
Gregory Foster remained in post until The Mullard Space Science Laboratory was established in Although UCL was among the first universities to admit women on the same terms as men, inthe college's senior common room, the Housman Room, remained men-only until After two unsuccessful attempts, a motion was passed that ended segregation by sex at UCL.
Ina new charter restored UCL's legal independence, although still without the power to award its London full sex degrees.
This name abandoned the comma used in its earlier name of "University College, London". Ina reorganisation of the University of London meant that UCL and other colleges gained direct access to government funding and the right to confer University of London degrees themselves. This led to UCL being regarded as a de facto university in its own right. The UCL Jill Dando Institute of Crime Sciencethe first university department in the world devoted specifically to reducing London full sex, was founded in Sincewhen UCL Professor David Latchman became Master of the neighbouring Birkbeckhe has forged closer relations between these two University of London colleges, and personally maintains departments at both.
In AugustUCL received criticism for advertising an unpaid research position; it subsequently withdrew the London full sex. UCL and the Institute of Education formed a strategic alliance in Octoberincluding co-operation in teaching, research and the development of the London schools system.
In Septembera new Department of Science, Technology, Engineering and Public Policy STEaPP was established within the Faculty of Engineering, one of several initiatives within the university to increase and reflect upon the links between research and public sector decision-making.
In Augustthe Department of Management Science and Innovation was renamed as the School of Management and plans were announced to greatly expand UCL's activities in the area of business-related teaching and research. In June it was reported in the Times Higher Education that as a result of administrative errors London full sex of students who studied at the UCL Eastman Dental Institute between —6 and —14 had been given the wrong marks, leading to an unknown number of students being attributed with London full sex wrong qualifications and, in some cases, being failed when they should London full sex passed their degrees.
He admitted that facilities were under pressure following growth over the past decade, but said that the issues were being addressed through the development of UCL East and rental of other additional space.
Rockefeller after support from the Rockefeller Foundation in the s. The mainline railway stations at EustonKing's Cross and St Pancras are all within walking distance.
In it was announced that UCL would be building an additional campus at the Queen Elizabeth Olympic Parkreferred to as UCL East, as part of the development of the so-called Olympicopolis site at the southern edge of the park. It was revealed in June that the UCL East expansion could see the university grow to 60, students.
London full sex proposed rate of growth was reported to be causing concern, with calls for it to be slowed down to ensure the university could meet financial stability targets. Construction of the first phase of buildings is as of March expected to begin in with the first building Pool Street West expected to be completed for the start of the academic year and the second building Marshgate 1 opening in phases from September Although UCL is a constituent college of the federal University of London, in most ways it is comparable with free-standing, self-governing and independently London full sex universities, and it awards its own degrees.
UCL's governing body is the Council, which oversees the London full sex and administration of UCL and the conduct of its affairs, subject to the advice of the Academic Board on matters of academic policy, and approves UCL's long-term plans. The Council normally meets six times each year. The Chair is appointed by Council for a term not normally exceeding five years. Vice-Provosts are appointed by the Provost, through the Council, to assist and advise the Provost as London full sex.
The Deans' principal duties include advising the Provost and Vice-Provosts on academic strategy, staffing matters and resources for academic departments within their faculty; overseeing curricula and programme management at faculty level; liaising with Faculty Tutors on undergraduate admissions and student academic matters; overseeing examination matters at faculty level; and co-ordinating faculty views on matters relating to education and information support.
UCL's research and teaching is organised within a network of faculties and academic departments.
UCL is a comprehensive university with teaching and research across the full range of the arts, humanities, social sciences, physical, biological London full sex medical sciences, engineering and the built environment, although it does not currently have a veterinary, music, drama or nursing school. To facilitate greater interdisciplinary interaction in research and teaching UCL also has three strategic faculty groupings:.
The UCL academic year is divided into three terms. Whereas most universities primarily use their logo on mundane documents but their coat of arms on official documents such as degree certificates, UCL exclusively uses its logo. The present logo was adopted as part of a rebranding exercise in August UCL formerly made some use of a pseudo-heraldic "coat of arms" depicting a raised bent arm dressed in armour holding a green upturned open wreath.
They are no longer formally used by the college, although they are still occasionally seen in unofficial contexts, or used in modified form by sports teams and societies. The blazon of the arms might be rendered as: Purpure, on a wreath of the colours Argent and Blue Celeste, an arm in armour embowed Argent holding an upturned wreath of laurel Vert, beneath which two branches of laurel Or crossed at the nombril and bound with a bowed cord Or, beneath the nombril a motto of Blue Celeste upon which Cuncti adsint meritaeque expectent praemia palmae.
The motto is a quotation from Virgil 's Aeneidand translates into English as "Let all come who by merit deserve the most reward". UCL's traditional sporting and academic colours of purple and light blue are derived from the arms.
From its foundation the college was deliberately secular; the initial justification for this was that it would enable students of different Christian traditions specifically London full sex CatholicsAnglicans and Protestants to study alongside each other without London full sex. UCL has retained this strict secular position and, unlike most other UK universities, has no specific religious prayer rooms.
There has, however, been a Christian chaplaincy since and there is no restriction on religious groups among students. A "quiet contemplation room" also allows prayer for staff and students of all faiths. UCL is a constituent college of the federal University of London, of which it was one of the two founding members in London full sex other being King's College London. UCL is a founding member of the Russell Groupan association of 24 British research universities established in and of the G5 lobbying group, which it established in early with the universities of Cambridge and Oxford, Imperial College London and the London School of Economics.
It is currently one of five London full sex members the others being the universities of Cambridge, Edinburgh and Oxford and Imperial College London. The school opened in September and was the first in the UK to have a university as sole sponsor. UCL is a founding member of Knowledge Quarter, a partnership of academic, cultural, research, scientific and London full sex organisations based in London full sex knowledge cluster in the Bloomsbury and King's Cross area of London.
The analysis covered citations from 1 January to 30 Aprilduring which 46, UCL London full sex papers attractedcitations.
The report covered citations in 21 subject areas and the results revealed some of UCL's key strengths, including: UCL is a major centre for biomedical research. In a bibliometric analysis of biomedical and health research in England for the period —13, UCL was found to have produced by far the highest number of highly cited publications of any institution, with 12, compared to second-placed Oxford University with 9, Of UCL's undergraduates, Undergraduate law applicants are required to London full sex the National Admissions Test for Law  and undergraduate medical applicants are required to take the BioMedical Admissions Test.
Called the UCL University Preparatory Certificatethe courses are targeted at international students of high academic potential whose education systems in their own countries usually do not offer qualifications suitable for direct admission.
Students completing this course progress onto undergraduate programmes at Nazarbayev University. The UCL library system comprises 17 libraries located across several sites within the main UCL campus and across Bloomsburylinked together by a central networking catalogue and request system called Explore.
It is one of the foremost university London full sex of manuscripts London full sex, archives and rare books in the UK.
UCL's most significant works are housed in the Strong Rooms. The earliest book in the collection is The crafte to lyve well and to dye wellprinted in UCL is responsible for several museums and collections in a wide range of fields across the arts and sciences, including: It is ranked in the world top 10 for ten subjects: UCL is consistently one of the top 10 London full sex universities in UK university rankingswhich place more emphasis on the undergraduate student experience than global rankings, using criteria such as teaching quality and learning resources, entry standards, employment prospects, research quality and dropout rates.